Organizational Context and Scope
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is a dynamic and growing inter-governmental organization, with over 162 Member States. IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems, and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people. IOM address the migratory phenomenon from an integral and holistic perspective, including links to development, in order to maximize its benefits and minimize its negative effects.
Background and Rationale
Migration is a key livelihood and survival strategy for many households in Southern Africa. Many people including young women and girls are migrating to escape hardship resulting from failed economies, protracted civil unrest, social marginalization and other reasons. Crossing international borders, they may face harsh conditions, making them vulnerable to negative SRH consequences.
Sub-Saharan Africa has the greatest Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH) challenges, including high unwanted pregnancies, maternal mortality and morbidity, unmet family planning needs, high prevalence of STIs, HIV and reproductive tract infections, cervical cancer, clandestine/unsafe abortion. Such problems are heightened among migrant women and girls as many are pressured into risky migration decisions for their survival whilst having limited choices regarding their sexuality and sexual health. This is due to their desperate financial situation, vulnerability to sexual exploitation and abuse, combined with poor physical, mental and social well-being resulting from being away from home. Due to their irregular migratory status, many migrants are often neglected in national SRHR initiatives, which has a lasting impact on their human development.
Mobile groups often face health inequities, human rights violations, stigmatization, marginalization and discriminatory policies. During transit and upon arrival, such vulnerability is influenced by legal status, poverty, stigma/discrimination, insecure living conditions, fear of authorities and cultural and linguistic differences. For instance, migrant women often work in unregulated and often poorly paid informal sector, e.g. trade, domestic work, agriculture, sex work, etc., are exposed to conditions that increase their health risks as well as their vulnerability to SGBV, and reduce access to SRH-HIV and tailored SGBV services. Most migrant women possess little information on SRHR and other health concerns, including where and how to access services. Thus, they often experience higher incidences of SRH negative outcomes.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM), Save the Children Netherlands (SC) and the University of the Witwatersrand School of Public Health (WSPH) formed a consortium – the SRHR-HIV Knows No Borders Consortium, collaborating to implement a holistic, regional project to improve sexual and reproductive health and HIV (SRH-HIV) related outcomes amongst migrants (including migrant adolescents, young people and sex workers) as well as non-migrant adolescents, young people, sex workers and others living in migration-affected communities in six countries in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region including Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland and Zambia.
The goal of the project is to improve SRH and HIV related health outcomes amongst the target populations in selected migration affected communities in the SADC region. However, sustainable improvement in SRH-HIV related health outcomes amongst migrant, non-migrant, adolescents and young people (AYPs), sex workers (SWs) their clients and individuals in migration affected communities is significantly dependent on change at the household and community levels in order to support individual level change. Freedom of choice by the target group is a critical building block for the realization of improved health outcomes. Such freedom of choice is influenced by attitudes, norms and behaviours that the project aims to influence over time. In order to truly attain freedom of choice about sexuality, changes in social and cultural norms that underlie barriers to the attainment of SRH-HIV rights are required. Working toward such changes, the project will influence individual and collective attitudes towards SRH-HIV rights of migrants, AYP and SWs and community members, which will lead to changes in collective and individual behaviours with regard to SRHR-HIV, and a reduction in stigma and discrimination towards migrants, AYPs and SWs. Thus, the project aims to contribute to significant positive change in collective knowledge and attitudes in communities and institutions in a way that promote sexual and reproductive health for all members of the communities.
Scope of Work
The service provide will lead the baseline assessment in South Africa, and is expected to carry out a Needs Assessment and baseline survey with regards to SRHR and HIV amongst targeted populations, including but not limited to the following activities:
- Contribute to the development of the research protocols developed by the Wits School of Public Health in collaboration with IOM and Save the Children South Africa;
- Facilitate acquisition of country ethical clearance with a relevant research or academic institution;
- Identify and train research field workers;
- Conduct pilot testing of data collection tools;
- Facilitate translation of needs assessment and baseline survey data collection tools where necessary;
- Conduct mapping of SRH and HIV service delivery points and other essential social services such as
- Conduct mapping of hotspots and key areas of interests to the SRHR-HIV project such brothels,
- Conduct mapping of SRH service providers, Community-based organisations and relevant forums in the targeted geographic areas;
- Identify participants for the needs assessment and baseline assessment
- Coordinate and conduct field work for the needs assessment and baseline survey in line with the research protocol.
Responsibilities and Accountabilities
- Inception report for the assignment;
- Research protocol, including questionnaires with ethical clearance;
- Comprehensive mapping of services across the two project sites;
- List of key forums addressing SRHR-HIV issues amongst the target populations (AYP, Migrants and Sex workers) at national, provincial, district and local levels;
- Needs assessment and baseline survey reports, including recommendations to enhance project implementation ( according to the agreed format);
- Consultancy close-out report;
Education and Experience
- An advance degree in social sciences, public health, population studies, preferably at PhD-level;
- Very good understanding of migration dynamics in Southern Africa;
- Experience in Migration and Health research;
- Extensive knowledge and experience in SRHR in the context of Southern Africa;
- Understanding of the policy environment on SRHR and HIV in South Africa;
- Extensive experience in working with migrants, sex workers , adolescents and young people on health and development issues;
- Demonstrated skills and experience in quantitative and qualitative research;
- Relevant experience in conducting regional and/or multi-country research, preferably in Southern Africa
Method of Application
The Proposals can be delivered by hand at IOM offices at 353 Corner Festival and Arcadia Street Hatfield or send electronically to Mr. Joseph Musiyambiri at firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
IOM reserves the right to accept or reject any proposal and to annul the selection process and reject all Proposals at any time prior to contract award, without thereby incurring any liability to affected Service Providers/ Consulting Firms.
Please follow the method of application on theTerms of Reference. INCOMPLETE APPLICATIONS WILL BE REJECTED
Closing date for applications, 12 May 2017